Born: Tokyo, Japan, 3 January 1943. Education: Studied at the Bunka College of Art, Tokyo, 1958-61.
Established: in Paris by designer Rosette Torrente-Mett, in 1969. Company History: Licensing contract for men's ready-to-wear signed with French factory, 1971; signed licensing deal with Japan, 1972; childrenswear, leather collection, luxury accessories such as neckties, scarves, glasses, jewelery, and household linens introduced; signed with La Callonec and Murier for corporate wear; sells both couture and ready-to-wear lines; signed licensing pact with Perfumer's Workshop for fragrance line, 2000.
Founded: by Jimmy Sarvea. Company History: Opened first shop, Reading, Berkshire, 1970; firm bought by Allied Shoes Ltd.
Born: County Galway, Ireland, 1967. Education: Attended National College of Art and Design, Dublin, 1985-87; Royal College of Art, 1988-90.
Born: Paris, 4 November 1912; immigrated to the U.S., 1937, naturalized, 1942. Education: Jules Ferry and Victor Hugo Colleges, Paris, 1923-28.
Founded: in Bergamo, Italy, as a glove making firm by Dante Trussardi, 1910. Company History: Firm taken over by nephew Nicola Trussardi, 1970; first boutique opened, Milan, 1976; jewelery collection introduced, 1976; fragrances introduced, Action Uomo for men and Action Donna for women, early 1980s; men's and women's ready-to-wear collections and Trussardi Junior line introduced, 1983; Trussardi Jeans, Trussardi Action, and Trussardi Sport collections introduced, 1987; designed Italian Olympic team uniforms, 1988; new fragrance, Trussardi Action Sport, launched, 1993; Balenciaga designer Nicolas Ghesquiére creates two collections, 1997; Jeremy Scott hired as design consultant, 1999; Francesco and Beatrice Trussardi take over after Nicola's death, 1999.
Born: 1938. Education: Studied at the Walthamstow School of Art; graduated from the Royal College of Art, 1961.
Born: Sunshine, Australia, circa 1948, son of a factory foreman and a seamstress. Family: Married Doris Taylor (divorced); married Lisa Trafficante, 1989; children: Sheriden, Edward.
Born: Patricia Gilbert in Maidenhead, England, 11 October 1947. Education: Trained in millinery at Fashion Institute of Technology, New York, 1972.
Born: Aix-en-Provence, 13 February 1933. Family: Married to Laura Ungaro.
Born: Chicago, Illinois, 22 May 1945. Education: Studied at Washington University, Missouri, and Parsons School of Design, New York.
Born: Valentina Sanina in Kiev, Russia, 1 May 1904. Education: Studied drama in Kiev, 1917-19.
Born: Valentino Garavani in Voghera, Italy, 11 May 1932. Education: Studied French and fashion design, Accademia dell'Arte, Milan, to 1948; studied at the Chambre Syndicale de la Couture, 1949-51.
Born: The Hague, Netherlands, 16 March 1939; immigrated to the U.S., 1968, naturalized, 1982. Education: Studied at the Netherlands Royal Academy of Art, 1956-58; worked in department stores in The Hague and in Paris; studied fashion at L'École Guerre Lavigne, Paris, 1961.
Born: New York City, 19 May 1925. Education: Attended Vassar College; graduated in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin, 1942; did graduate work in aesthetics at the University of Buffalo.
Born: Lyons, France, 22 May 1929. Education: Apprentice tailor, age 14, at Pierre Court, Lyons, until 1948.
Born: Florence, Italy, circa 1955. Education: Studied at the Istituto Tessile Butti in Prato; degree in economics and commerce from Florence University.
Born: Barcelona, Spain. Education: Attended Feli's fashion school; studied anatomical drawing and painting; apprenticed under Pedro Rodríguez.
Born: Manuel Roberto Marino, Verin, Spain, May 1945. Education: Studied business and fine arts in Paris, mid-1960s.
Born: Reggio Calabria, Italy, 1955. Sister of internationally renowned fashion great Gianni Versace [deceased] and often named as his chief muse.
Born: Reggio Calabria, Italy, 2 December 1946. Education: Studied architecture, Calabria, 1964-67.
Born: Sally Josephs in Scranton, Pennsylvania, 23 February 1905. Education: Studied painting in Paris.
Founded: by Roy Raymond in 1977, in San Francisco. Company History: Published first catalogue, 1978; sold for $4 million to The Limited apparel group, 1982; Cacique sibling formed to market French-styled lingerie, 1988; introduced swimwear, 1991; began selling cotton panties, 1993; launched bath and body line and introduced Miracle Bra, 1994; first runway show, 1995; spun off by The Limited, 1995; introduced seamless bras, 1996; launched legwear, 1998; went online with firm website, 1998; first live web fashion show, 1999; debuted Dream Angels fragrance collection, 1999; sponsored AIDS fundraiser with Miramax Films, 2000; launched first men's fragrance collection, 2001; launched Pink fragrance and aired first television fashion show, 2001; signed license with Shiseido Company Ltd.
Founded: by José Luis Medina del Corral (born in 1954 in Seville) and José Victor Rodríguez Caro (born in 1952 in Cordoba); met in 1972, working for a Seville design group. Company History: Fragrances include Carmen, 1992, followed by V&L launch; introduced leather apparel and accessories; financial backing provided by the Puig family.
Born: (both Viktor and Rolf) Netherlands, 1969. Education: Both graduated from the Academia of Amhem, 1992.