Born: Roy Halston Frowick in Des Moines, Iowa, 23 April 1932. Education: Studied at Indiana University, Bloomington, and at the Art Institute of Chicago to 1953.
Born: Gravesend, 1948. Education: Studied at Cheltenham Ladies College and at St Martin's School of Art, London, 1965-69.
Born: Cathaline Kaesuk Sur, in Seoul, Korea, 30 December 1933; immigrated to the U.S., 1952; naturalized, 1959. Education: Studied music in Korea and Japan.
Born: Buffalo, New York, 24 October 1939. Education: Attended Radcliffe College; studied art and fashion design, North Texas State University.
Born: London, 12 June 1901. Education: Studied at Magdalen College, Cambridge, 1921-23.
Born: Ridgewood, New Jersey, 16 December 1903. Education: Studied at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York, 1921-25.
Born: Edith Claire Poesner in San Bernadino, California, 28 October 1897. Education: University of California at Los Angeles, B.A.; Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, M.A.; also studied at the Otis Art Institute and Chouinard School, Los Angeles.
Born: Paris, 30 July 1938. Education: Completed trade school education, 1956.
Born: Paris, 8 May 1899. Family: Married; one son: Philippe.
Born: Princeton, New Jersey, 22 June 1962. Education: Barnard College, New York, 1980-81.
Born: Berkeley, California, 19 March 1957. Education: Studied medicine, University of California; studied fashion design, Parsons School of Design, New York, 1981-83.
Founded: in Paris by Thierry Hermés in 1837 to manufacture bridles, saddles, and riding boots for the carriage trade. Company History: Company moved to rue de Faubourg in Paris, 1879; began accessories, including silk scarves, 1926; founder's grandson, Emile Hermés, established luggage and couture clothing in 1930s; Hermés scarf introduced, 1937; silk ties first sold, 1949; first fragrances, 1950 (later including Caleche, 1961; 24, Faubourg, 1995, and Hermés Rouge, 2001); glassware, tableware introduced, 1980s; initial public offering, 1993; Martin Margiela appointed ready-to-wear designer, 1997; purchases 35-percent stake in Jean-Paul Gaultier's design business, 1999; opened Madison Avenue store, New York, 2000.
Born: Maria Carolina Josefina Pacanins y Nino in Caracas, Venezuela, 8 January 1939. Education: El Carmen School, Venezuela.
Born: 1952. Career: Owner/designer, People's Places, New York, until 1979; founder/designer, and vice chairman, Tommy Hilfiger Corporation, New York; company floated on NYSE, 1992; member, Council of Fashion Designers of America; introduced women's sportswear and Tommy Girl fragrance, 1996; opened 20,000-square-foot U.S.
Founded: in 1981 by Marilyn and Yoram Anselm. Company History: Marilyn studied sculpture at the Central School of Art, London; married Yoram and they had two children (Kate, Amy).
Born: Paisley, Scotland; grew up in Glasgow. Education: Studied Fine Art at Glasgow School of Art; switched to printed textiles course, winning two medals and two scholarships; MA in Textiles at Royal College of Art, London.
Born: Portsmouth, England, 11 July 1962. Education: Studied at Cordwainers College, Hackney, London, 1981-84.
Born: New York City, 12 June 1936. Education: Columbia University, New York, and Boston University, Boston, MA.
Born: Tadworth, Surrey, 5 September 1946. Education: Studied Fine Art at Goldsmiths' College, London.
Founded: in Metzingen, Germany, by Hugo Boss in 1923, to manufacture work clothes and uniforms. Company History: Bought U.S.-based Joseph & Feiss, 1966; subsequently taken over by Siegfried Boss and son-in-law Eugen Holly (1948-72) and in 1972 by grandsons Jochen Holly and Uwe Holly; introduced men's and children's lines, 1948; began export to Belgium and Netherlands, 1973; Scandinavia and England, 1975; formed Paris subsidiary and began exporting to U.S., 1977; added men's shirts, 1981; exported to Canada, 1982; introduced sportswear and cosmetics line, 1984; added Italy, Japan, and Spain to export countries, 1985-86; created U.S.
Born: Warsaw, Poland, 8 December 1936; raised in Palestine, immigrated to England in 1948. Education: Studied fashion and fashion illustration at Brighton College, 1954-56; winner in the Evening Standard Design Competition, beachwear division, 1955.
Founded: by Mary Ann Magnin in San Francisco, 1876. Company History: First branch opened in Santa Barbara, 1912; Los Angeles store opened, 1938, flagship San Francisco store opened, 1948; sold to Bullock's, 1943; to Federated Department Stores, 1964, which was acquired by Campeau Corporation (after an attempted merger with R.H.
Born: Osaka, Japan, 23 December 1946. Education: Graduated from Osaka Sogo Fukoso Gakium, 1970.
Founded: by Jun Kim and Soyon Kim. Jun Kim was born in Korea, 1966; went on to study marketing at Pace University in New York (B.A., 1988), and fashion design at Parsons School of Design.
Born: Bacup, Lancashire, 24 June 1949. Education: Studied at Birmingham College of Art, 1968-71.