Born: Charles Martin, 1918. Education: Studied engineering.
Born: Luis Estévez de Galvez in Havana, Cuba, 5 December 1930. Education: Studied architecture, University of Havana, and fashion design, Traphagen School, New York.
Born: in Casablanca, 1938; immigrated to England, 1965. Family: Married twice; two children.
Born: Tivoli, Italy, circa 1910. Family: Two marriages; second to Duchessa Simonetta Colonna di Cesaro, 1952.
Born: Fabrice Simon in Port au Prince, Haiti, 29 January 1951; moved to the U.S., 1964. Education: Studied textile design and fashion illustration, Fashion Institute of Technology, New York, 1969-70.
Born: France, 25 July 1946. Education: Studied fashion illustration at Studio Bercot, Paris.
Born: San Francisco, California, 7 December 1937. Education: Museum of Fine Arts School, Boston.
Born: Lafitte, France, 12 September 1912. Education: Studied bookkeeping and law, Commercial Institute, Vincennes, France.
Established: as a leather and fur workshop by Adele Casagrande (1897-1978), Rome, 1918; renamed Fendi with her marriage to Edoardo Fendi, 1925 (died, 1954); current principals include daughters Paola, Anna, Franca, Carla, Alda, their husbands, and children.
Born: Hangzhou, China. Education: Graduated from Zhejiang Art Academy, Southeast China.
Founded: by Trevor Wright, Colin Fenn, and Glynn Manson in London, 1974. Company History: American subsidiary formed in New York, 1977; Glynn Manson departed, 1984; acquired by Cygne Designs, 1994; branded UK unit sold to Colin Fenn, 1995.
Born: Arles, France, 13 February 1920. Family: Married Zizi (Alice) Boivin, 1947 (divorced, 1963); married Mia Fonssagriéves, 1964 (divorced, 1972); children: Dominique (also known as Kiki).
Born: Bonito, near Naples, Italy, June 1898; immigrated to the U.S., 1914. Family: Married Wanda Miletti, 1949; children: Fiamma (died, 1998), Giovanna, Ferruccio, Fulvia, Leonardo, Massimo.
Born: Legnano, Italy, 15 August 1944. Education: Graduated in architecture from Politecnico, Milan, 1969.
Born: Cattolica, Italy. Family: Two sons from an earlier marriage; companion, Giuseppe Campanella.
Born: New Haven, Connecticut, 1955. Education: Graduated from Boston College, 1976; traveled in Europe, summer, 1976; studied at the Fashion Institute of Technology, New York, 1976-77.
Career: Studied theatre design, then choreographer, Ballet Rambert, in France; choreographed for Ballet Theatre Contemporain; returned to London, specialized in fashion, concentrating on bridalwear and eveningwear. Address: 15 Lots Road, London SW10 0QD, UK.
Born: Milan, 10 June 1935. Career: Founder, Fiorucci shoes, Milan, 1962-67; director, Fiorucci fashion shop, Galleria Passerella, Milan, selling clothes by Ossie Clark, Zandra Rhodes, and others, from 1967; began wholesale production of jeans, fashion, and home accessories, 1970; founder, Fiorucci SpA, 1974, and Fiorucci Inc., New York, 1976; opened first American boutique, New York, 1976; founder, Technical Design School, Milan, 1977; opened boutiques in Boston and Los Angeles, 1978; opened stores throughout Europe, U.S., Japan, and Southeast Asia, from 1978; management of label ceded to Carrera, 1989; signed eyewear license with Swan International Optical, 1995; brand relaunched in U.S.
Born: 28 September 1963. Education: Received diploma in fashion, Worthing Polytechnic, West Sussex; graduated from St Martin's College of Art, 1985.
Education: Studied at the University of Pennsylvania, Fashion Institute of Technology, and Parsons School of Design, New York. Family: Married Marilese Flusser; children: Morgan, Kaitlin.
Born: Anne Whitney in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 2 February 1919. Education: Attended Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania, 1936-37; studied drama at Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, 1937-38; studied design at East Hartman School of Design, 1939.
Born: Yorkshire, England, 9 December 1948. Education: Studied at Sheffield College of Art, 1967-68; Nottingham College of Art, BA with Honors, Fashion and Design, 1968-71.
Founded: in Rome, 1944, by sisters Zoë (1911-78), Micol (born 1913), and Giovanna (born 1915) Fontana. Company History: Sisters began working in their mother's tailoring business; Zoë and Micol worked in Milan, early 1930s; Zoë moved to Paris after her marriage, returning to Italy, to work for Zecca in Rome, 1937; created accessories division, Valextra, 1937; Micol and Giovanna moved to Rome, 1940; Zoë, Micol, and Giovanna opened Fontana studio in Palazzo Orsini, Rome, 1943, designing and producing gowns for the Roman aristocracy and many film stars; first catwalk presentation of Italian Alta Moda, Florence 1951; studio moved to present address, 1957; designed first ready-to-wear collection, 1960; incorporated as Sorelle Fontana Alta Moda SrL by Micol Fontana, Rome, 1985; sold Valextra to French firm Andrelux, 1985; designed for films, from 1950s to 1995.
Born: Austin, Texas, 27 August 1961. Education: Studied at New York University, Parsons School of Design both in New York and Paris.
Born: Granada, Spain, 1871. Family: Married Henriette Negrin, 1918.