Born: Boston, Massachusetts, 5 May 1950. Education: Studied comparative literature, University of Massachusetts, Boston, 1968-72; also studied at the Sorbonne.
Founded: in 1892 by David Abercrombie to sell camping supplies; joined by Ezra Fitch to become Abercrombie & Fitch, providing exclusive outdoor needs, including clothing and equipment. Company History: Moved to new Madison Avenue digs, 1917; filed for bankruptcy, 1977; bought by Oshman's Sporting Goods, 1978; bought by The Limited, 1988; Michael Jeffries became CEO, 1992; back in black ink, 1995; went public, 1996; spun off by Limited, 1998; introduced children's stores, 1998; launched Hollister stores, for younger teens, 2000; also publishes A&F Quarterly catalogue/magazine.
Born: Adolfo F. Sardiña in Cardenas, Cuba, 15 February 1933; immigrated to New York, 1948, naturalized, 1958.
Born: Mary Adrienne Steckling in St. Joseph, Missouri, 7 November 1934.
Born: Gilbert Adrian Greenburgh in Naugatuck, Connecticut, 3 March 1903. Education: Studied at Parsons School of Design, Joan Crawford modeling "Change," a two-piece silk dinner dress with gold paillettes designed by Gilbert Adrian for the film Humoresque (1946).
Born: Majorca, Spain, December 1965. Education: Left school at the age of 12 to work on the family farm.
Born: Born Agnés Troublé in Versailles, France, 26 November 1942. Family: Married Christian Bourgois, 1958 (divorced); two additional marriages and divorces; five children.
Born: Maki Akira, Oita, Japan, circa 1949. Education: Graduated from Oita University; worked for and studied fashion with Reiko Minami, Tokyo.
Born: Tunis, Tunisia, circa 1940. Education: Studied sculpture, École des Beaux-Arts, Tunis.
Born: Born Gualtiero Albini in Busto Arsizio, near Milan, 9 March 1941. Education: Studied fashion and costume design, Istituto Statale di Belle Arti e Moda, Turin, 1959-61.
Born: Chihuahua, Mexico, 26 May 1963; immigrated to the U.S., 1981. Education: Attended University of Texas, 1982; graduated from Fashion Institute of Technology, 1987.
Born: Akron, Ohio, 27 May 1940; grew up in Doylestown. Education: Studied fine arts, Kent State University (Ohio), 1958-62.
Founded: by Middlesex Polytechnic graduates Alison Lloyd and Johnathan "Jono"Platt in 1979. Company History: After graduation, they worked for Courtaulds, then Platt worked for Betty Jackson and Lloyd made hats and jewelry at home; designed accessories, selling to Miss Selfridges chain, 1979; developed clothing range, 1980; critically acclaimed collection for Olympic Games, Moscow, 1980; introduced childrenswear line, Mini Capellino, 1981; menswear line launched, 1986; signed licensing agreement with CGO Co., Japan, 1987; opened flagship store, Soho, London, 1988; launched diffusion sportswear line, Hearts of Oak, 1990; signed agreement with textile firm Coats Viyella for promotion and marketing, 1992; design consultants to the firm, from 1992; introduced Ally-T range of t-shirts, 1993; worked with Irish Linen Guild, 1993; collaborated with Jones Bootmaker to develop dual label shoes, 1994.
Born: Edwin Hardy Amies in London, 17 July 1909. Education: Studied at Brentwood School to 1927.
Born: Gianantonio Iorio in New York City, 28 April 1938. Education: Studied at the Academia delle Belle Arti, Rome, 1956-57; graduated from Fashion Institute of Technology, New York, 1959.
Founded: by John Emary in London, 1851. Company History: Early firsts include rain-repellent woollen cloth, the raglan sleeve, and the trench coat.
Born: Kiryu City, Gunma Prefecture, 13 March 1932. Education: Trained in weaving at his father's textile factory, 1950-55; also studied at the Theater Arts Institute, Tokyo, 1953.
Born: Piacenza, Italy, 11 July 1934. Education: Studied medicine, University of Bologna, 1952-53; also studied photography.
Born: Laura Mountney in Dowlais, Glamorgan, Wales, 7 September 1925. Education: Attended Marshall's School, Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, until 1932; mainly self-taught in design.
Born: Brittany in 1945. Family: Married Michele Domercq, 1972; children: Richard, Giles.
Born: Ilford, Essex, England, 27 November 1937. Education: Attended Walthamstow School of Art, 1953-57, and the Royal College of Art, London, 1957-60.
Born: 1 January 1949, Sfax, Tunisia. Education: Dropped out of school to become a fashion entrepreneur.